A Causal Relationship of Home Care Services on the Quality of Life among Survivors of Stroke in Thailand


  • Patoomthip ADUNWATANASIRI Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand
  • Siriorn SINDHU Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand
  • Napaporn WANITKUN Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand
  • Chukiat VIWATWONGKASEM Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand




Home care services, Stroke, Self-management, Quality of life


Survivors of stroke suffer impairments associated with a complex need of care from healthcare services after being discharged from hospital and returning home, and these impairments affect the quality of their lives. This cross-sectional study, aimed at evaluating the pathways linking home care services, patient factors, and quality of life (QOL), was carried out by conducting interviews and questionnaires with stroke survivors at their homes. Simple random sampling was used to select the settings for data collection, and multi-stage sampling was used to select the samples. In all, 317 stroke survivors admitted to 13 hospitals in rural and urban setting were selected for participation in the study. The data obtained were analyzed by using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The hypothetical model demonstrated a good fit (chi-square = 15.299, df = 9, p = 0.083, GFI = 0.98, CFI = 0.98, RMSEA = 0.047). Statistically significant explanatory variables for the home care service had a direct effect on perceived self-management support, functional status, and QOL (β = 0.39, 0.12 and 0.11, respectively), while number of community supporters had a significant positive indirect effect on QOL through functional status (β = 0.13). The variables accounted for 56 % of the variance in QOL. This finding could be used by policy makers to make important policy development in home care services and help improve health outcomes. In particular, it is also recommended that policy makers push for policies that encompass self-management support and community support groups among stroke survivors in community settings.


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How to Cite

ADUNWATANASIRI, P. ., SINDHU, S. ., WANITKUN, N. ., & VIWATWONGKASEM, C. . (2021). A Causal Relationship of Home Care Services on the Quality of Life among Survivors of Stroke in Thailand. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology (WJST), 18(5), Article 9049 (12 pages). https://doi.org/10.48048/wjst.2021.9049