Taxonomic Studies and Traditional Uses of Zingiberaceae in Khao Luang National Park, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand
Keywords:Zingiberaceae, taxonomic studies, traditional uses, Khao Luang National Park
AbstractTaxonomic studies and traditional uses of Zingiberaceae were conducted in Khao Luang National Park from March 2011 to March 2012, in order to study species diversity, ecology, distribution, and uses. Plant samples were collected from 6 waterfalls in the southern part of the park. Thirty-four species in 10 genera, 3 tribes of Zingiberaceae were collected. A key to species for each genus is provided. Four taxa could not yet be identified. Ka Rome waterfall has the highest number of Zingiberaceae species (23 species in 10 genera, H’ = 3.091, D’ = 0.948) because this area may be less disturbed. Some areas of the park were degraded and changed to plantations, such as Wang Mai Pak waterfall, which has the lowest number of species (13 species in 7 genera, H’ = 2.432, D’ = 0.904). Information on traditional uses of the collected plants was gathered by interviewing villagers and folks who live nearby the areas. Zingiberaceae plants are found to be important natural resources for villagers and mostly used as medicines, foods, drinks, and ornaments.
WJ Kress, LM Prince and KJ Williams. The phylogeny and a new classification of the gingers (Zingiberaceae): evidence from molecular data. Am. J. Bot. 2002; 89, 1682-96.
OG Petersen. Musaceae, Zingiberaceae, Cannaceae, Marantaceae. In: A Engler and K Prantl (eds.). Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. Vol II, 1st ed. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, Germany, 1889, p. 1.
K Schuman. Zingiberaceae. In: A Engler (ed.). Das Pflanzenreich IV. Engelman, Leipzig, 1904, p. 64-88.
RE Holttum. The zingiberaceae of the Malay Peninsula. Garden. Bull. Singapore 1950; 13, 1-249.
BL Burtt and RM Smith. Tentative keys to the subfamilies, tribes and genera of the Zingiberales. Notes Roy. Bot. Garden Edinb. 1972; 31, 171-6.
RM Smith. Synoptic keys to the genera of Zingiberaceae pro parte. Roy. Bot. Garden Edinb. Depart. Publ. 1981; 28, 1-28.
K Larsen and S Larsen. Gingers of Thailand. Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2006, p. 1-184.
P Sirirugsa. Three new species and one new combination in Boesenbergia (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand. Nord. J. Bot.1987; 7, 421-5.
C Maknoi and P Sirirugsa. New records of Zingiberaceae from Southern Thailand. Nat. Hist. Siam. Soc. 2002; 50, 225-37.
C Maknoi, P Sirisugsa and K Larsen. New records of Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand. Thai. For. Bull. Bot. 2005; 33, 71-4.
C Picheansoonthon and P Mokkamul. Two new Calokaempferia taxa (Zingiberaceae) from northeastern Thailand. Folia Malaysiana 2004; 5, 69-80.
N Kittipanangkul and C Ngamriabsakul. Zingiberaceae diversity in Khao Nan and Khao Luang National Park, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. Walailak J. Sci. & Tech. 2008; 5, 17-27.
C Ngamriabsakul. Caulokaempferia sirirugsae sp. nov. (Zingiberaceae) from southern Thailand. Nord. J. Bot. 2008; 26, 325-8.
J Mayoe. A new species of Geostachys Ridl. (Zingiberaceae) from Southern Thailand. Taiwania 2010; 55, 8-12.
ASTV Manager Southern Thailand, Available at: http://www.manager.co.th/South/ ViewNews.aspx?NewsID=9550000117885, accessed September 2012.
I Theilade. A synopsis of the genus Zingiber (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand. Nord. J. Bot. 1999; 19, 389-410.
S Saensouk. Endemic and rare plants of ginger family in Thailand (in Thai). KKU Res. J. 2011; 16, 306-30.
J Gobilik. Diversity of gingers at Serudong, Sabah, Malaysia. J. Trop. Bio. Cons. 2008; 4, 15-21.
P Sirirugsa. 1999, Thai Zingiberaceae: Species Diversity and Their Uses, Available at: http://www.iupac.org/symposia/proceedings/phuket97/sirirugsa.html, accessed January 2012.
K Suvandech and D Sobchaloem. Systematic studies of Zingiberaceae in Thong Pha Phum forest, Kanchanaburi province. In: Proceedings of the 44th Kasetsart University Annual Conference: Engineering, Architecture, Natural Resources and Environmental Management. Bangkok, Thailand, 2004, p. 572-9.
S Saensouk. The family Zingiberaceae in Nong Kam Koh, Muang district, Nong Khai province, Thailand. In: Proceedings of the 33 rd Congress on Science and Technology of Thailand. Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand, 2005, p. 1-4.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.