Cultivation Performance of Pleurotus salmoneostramineus Mushroom on Wastes of Date-palm Trunk, Phoenix dactylifera L., and Woodworking Sawdust

Mustafa Nadhim OWAID, Sajid Salahuddin Saleem AL-SAEEDI, Idham Ali ABED

Abstract


The objective of this study is to produce Pleurotus salmoneostramineus pink oyster mushroom using organic farming from some surplus local organic wastes, viz., the WSF1 formula (70 % wheat straw, 20 % woodworking sawdust, and 10 % date-palm fiber), the WSF2 formula (50 % wheat straw, 30 % woodworking sawdust, and 20 % date-palm fiber), the S formula (woodworking sawdust), the F formula (fibers of date-palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) trunk), and the W formula (wheat straw) as a control. The WSF1 formula gave the best yield and biological efficiency (163.2 g/bag and 45.5 %, respectively) with significant differences (p < 0.05), while the S formula test recorded 27.8 g/bags and 6.5 %, respectively. However, F formula showed the highest number, reaching 35 basidiocarps in comparison to the control (wheat straw, 30 basidiocarps), followed by 28 basidiocarps with the WSF1 formula, whereas the S formula showed the lowest number of basidiocarps (6 basidiocarps). However, the WSF1 formula showed the best rate of basidiocarp weight (5.7 g) and diameter of pileus (9.0 cm). Significantly (p < 0.05), the WSF1 formula showed a shorter length (11.9 mm), which was considered to be the best value in comparison with the control (19.5 mm). The S formula exhibited a low diameter of pileus (6.6 cm) and a longer stipe (18.6 mm), respectively. In conclusion, WSF1 is considered to be the best formula for the cultivation of this mushroom.


Keywords


Myco-degradation, higher basidiomycetes, pink oyster mushroom, biological efficiency, recycling

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References


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