Two Dimensional Lattice Boltzmann Method for Cavity Flow Simulation


  • Panjit MUSIK Faculty of Science and Technology, Rajabhat Institute Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80160
  • Krisanadej JAROENSUTASINEE School of Science, Walailak University, Thasala, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80161


Cavity flow, Lattice Boltzmann Method, Lattice Gas (cellular) Automata, Incompressible Viscous flow, D2Q9 Model


This paper presents a simulation of incompressible viscous flow within a two-dimensional square cavity. The objective is to develop a method originated from Lattice Gas (cellular) Automata (LGA), which utilises discrete lattice as well as discrete time and can be parallelised easily. Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM), known as discrete Lattice kinetics which provide an alternative for solving the Navier–Stokes equations and are generally used for fluid simulation, is chosen for the study. A specific two-dimensional nine-velocity square Lattice model (D2Q9 Model) is used in the simulation with the velocity at the top of the cavity kept fixed. LBM is an efficient method for reproducing the dynamics of cavity flow and the results which are comparable to those of previous work.


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How to Cite

MUSIK, P., & JAROENSUTASINEE, K. (2011). Two Dimensional Lattice Boltzmann Method for Cavity Flow Simulation. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology (WJST), 1(1), 53–70. Retrieved from



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