In Sacco Degradation Characteristics of Protein Feed Sources in Brahman-Thai Native Crossbred Steers

Songsak CHUMPAWADEE, Kritapon SOMMART, Thevin VONGPRALUB, Virote PATTARAJINDA

Abstract


The nutritive value of six protein feed sources were determined using the nylon bag technique in rumen fistulated Brahman-Thai native crossbred steers. The steers were fed 0.5% BW of concentrate and rice straw ad libitum. Nylon bags containing 5.0 g of each feed were immersed in duplicate at each time point in the ventral rumen of each steer for 2, 4, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h. The data were fitted to the equation P = a+b (1-e-ct) and effective degradability was calculated using a theoretical rumen out flow rate of k = 0.05/h. The treatments were 1) kapok seed meal, 2) soybean meal, 3) coconut meal (solv-extd), 4) peanut meal, 5) whole cotton seed and 6) fish meal assigned according to a completely randomize design with four replications. The results indicate that the rapidly soluble fraction (a), potentially degradable fraction (b), degradation rate (c) and potential degradation (a+b) of DM, OM and CP were different among treatments (P < 0.01). Effective degradability of DM, OM and CP calculated as a percentage of the nutrient were ranked from high to low: DM degradability: soybean meal (60.96%), peanut meal (52.02%), whole cotton seed (47.35%), coconut meal (solve-extd) (42.52%), fish meal (42.37%) and kapok seed meal (24.31%); OM degradability: soybean meal (59.74%), peanut meal (52.17%), whole cotton seed (46.35%), fish meal (46.22%), coconut meal (solv-extd) (39.93%), and kapok seed meal (28.69%); CP degradability: whole cotton seed (74.17%), kapok seed meal (68.18%), fish meal (47.32%), soybean meal (46.42%), peanut meal (45.35%) and coconut meal (solv-extd) (32.61%). The data provids information on combinations of energy and protein sources with similar ruminal degradation, and thus may lead to improved feeding values for ruminants.

Keywords


In sacco, Protein feed source, Rumen degradation

Full Text:

PDF

References


NRC. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. (7threv ed) National Research Council, National Academy Press. Washington, DC. 2001.

Woods VB Mara FPO Moloney AP. The nutritive value of concentrate feedstuffs for ruminant animals. Part I: In situ ruminal degradability of dry matter and organic matter. Anim Feed Sci Tech 2003; 110: 111-30.

Lee SY Kim WY Ko JY Ha JK. Effects of corn processing on in vitro and in situ digestion of corn grain in Holstein steers. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 2002; 15: 851-8.

Chanjula P Wanapat M Wachirapakorn C Uriyapongson S Rowlinson P. Ruminal degradability of tropical feed and their potential use in ruminant diets. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 2003; 16: 211-6.

Woods VB Mara FPO Moloney AP. The nutritive value of concentrates feedstuffs for ruminant animals. Part II: In situ ruminal degradability of crude protein. Anim Feed Sci Tech 2003; 110: 131-43.

Promkot C Wanapat M. Ruminal degradation and intestinal digestion of crude protein of tropical resources using nylon bag and three-step in vitro procedure in dairy cattle. In: Proceedings of the Agricultural Seminar, Animal Science/Animal

Husbandry. Held at Sofitel Raja Orchid Hotel 27-28 January 2004. Faculty of Agriculture KKU. p. 434-47.

Mertens DR. Rate and extent of digestion. In: Forbes JM France J (eds). Quantitative Aspects of Ruminal Digestion and metabolism. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1993. p.13-51. 8) Lopez S Carro MD Gonzalez JS Ovejero FJ. Comparison of different in vitro and in situ to estimate the extent of degradation of hays in the rumen. Animal Feed Sci Tech 1998; 73: 99-113.

AOAC. Official methods of Analysis, Vol.1, 15th Edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia, USA. 1990. p. 69-90.

Van Soest PJ Robertson JB Lewis BA Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and non starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J Dairy Sci 1991; 74: 3583-97.

Shabi Z Arieli A Bruckental L Aharoni Y Zamwel S Bor A Tagari H. Effect of the synchronization of the degradation of dietary crude protein and organic matter and feeding frequency on ruminal fermentation and flow of digesta in the abomasum of dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 1998; 81: 1991-2000.

├śrskov ER McDonald I. The estimation of protein degradability in the rumen from incubation measurements weighted according to rate of passage. J Agri Sci (Camb) 1979; 92 : 499-504.

SAS. SAS UserFs Guide: Statistics, Version 6.12th Edition. SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC. 1996.

Steel RGD Torrie JH. Principles and Procedures of Statistics with Special Reference to the Biological Sciences. McGraw Hill, New York. 1980.

Department of Livestock Development (DLD). Table of chemical composition of feed stuffs. Chumnum Sahakon Hangpadhes Thai Ltd. Bangkok. 2004.

Ibrahim MNM Tamminga S Zemmelink G. Degradation of tropical roughages and concentrate feeds in the rumen. Anim Feed Sci Tech 1995; 54: 81-92.

Harstad OM Prestlokken E. Rumen degradability and intestinal digestibility of individual amino acids in corn gluten meal, canola meal and fish meal determined in situ. Animal Feed Sci Tech 2001; 94: 127-37.

Mara FPO Mulligan FJ Cronin EJ Rath M Caffrey PJ. The nutritive value of palm kernel meal measured in vivo using rumen fluid and enzymatic techniques. Live Prod Sci 1999; 60: 305-16.

von Keyserlingk MAG Swift ML Puchala R Shelford JA. Degradability characteristics of dry matter and crude protein of forages in ruminants. Anim Feed Sci Tech 1996; 57: 291-311.

Agbagla-Dohnani A Noziere P Clement G Doreau M. In sacco degradability, chemical and morphological composition of 15 varieties of European rice straw. Anim Feed Sci Tech 2001; 94: 15-27.

Mupangwa JF Ngongoni NT Topps JH Ndlovu P. Chemical composition and dry matter of forage legumes Cassia rotundiforlia cv. Wynn, Lablab purpureus cv. Highworth and Macroptilium atropurpureum cv. Siratro at 8 weeks of growth (pre-anthesis). Anim Feed Sci Tech 1997; 69: 167-78.

Thu NV Preston TR. Rumen environment and feed degradability in swamp buffaloes fed different supplements. Live Res Rural Devel 1999; 11(3): 1-7.

Batajoo KK Shaver RD. In situ dry matter, crude protein and starch degradabilities of selected grains and by product feeds. Anim Feed Sci Tech 1998; 71: 165-76.

Wulf M Sudekum KH. Effect of chemical treated soybeans and expeller rapeseed meal on in vitro and in situ crude fat and crude protein disappearance from the rumen. Anim Feed Sci Tech 2005; 118: 215-27.

Tuncer SD Sacakli P. Rumen degradability characteristics of xylose treated canola and soybean meals. Anim Feed Sci Tech 2003; 107: 211-8.

Chiou PWS Chen KJ Kua KS Hsu JC Yu B. Studies on the protein degradability of feedstuff in Taiwan. Anim Feed Sci Tech 1995; 55: 215-26.

Nocek JE. Evaluation of specific variables affecting in situ estimates of ruminal dry matter and protein digestion. J Anim Sci 1985; 60: 1347-56.

Huntington JA Givens DI. Studies on in situ degradation of feeds in the rumen: I: Effect of species, bag mobility and incubation sequence on dry matter disappearance. Anim Feed Sci Tech 1997; 64: 227-41.

Khazaal K Dentinho MT Ribeiro JM ├śrskov ER. Prediction of apparent digestibility and voluntary feed intake of hays fed to sheep: Comparison between using fibre component, in vitro digestibility or characteristics of gas production or nylon bag degradation. Anim Sci 1995; 61: 521-38.

Vanzant ES Cochan RC Titgemeyer EV. Standardization of in situ techniques for ruminant feedstuffs evaluation. J Anim Sci 1998; 76: 2717-29.

Cherney DJR Patterson JA Lemenager RP. Influence of in situ bag rinsing technique on determination of dry matter disappearance. J Dairy Sci 1990; 73: 391-7.

Olivera RMP. Use of in vitro gas production technique to assess the contribution of both soluble and insoluble fractions on the nutritive value of forages. M.Sc thesis University of Aberdeen, Scotland. 1998.

Vitti DM Abdalla AL Silva JC Filho N del Mastro L Mauricio R Oven E Mould F. Misleading relationships between in situ rumen dry mater disappearance, chemical analyzed and in vitro gas production and digestibility, of sugarcane baggage treated with varying levels of electron irradiation and ammonia. AnimFeed Sci Tech 1999; 79: 145-53.

Chumpawadee S Sommart K Vongpralub T Pattarajinda V. Effect of

synchronizing the rate of dietary energy and nitrogen release on ruminal fermentation, microbial protein synthesis and blood urea nitrogen in beef cattle. New dimensions and challenges for sustainable livestock farming volume III. In: Proceeding of the 11th AAAP Animal Science Congress, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2004. p. 364-6.

Sinclair LA Garnsworthy PC Newbold JR Buttery PJ. Effect of synchronizing the rate of dietary energy and nitrogen release on rumen fermentation and microbial protein synthesis in sheep. J Agric Sci. (Camb)1993; 120: 251-63.

NRC. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle (6th ed.) National Research Council, National Academy Press. Washington, DC. 1988.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




http://wjst.wu.ac.th/public/site/images/admin/image012_400

Online ISSN: 2228-835X

http://wjst.wu.ac.th

Last updated: 12 August 2019