Overexpression of β-1,3-Glucanase Gene in Response to Phytophthora palmivora Infection in Leaves of Hevea brasiliensis Clones


  • Anurag SUNPAPAO Department of Pest Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110
  • Chaninun PORNSURIYA Department of Pest Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110


β-1, 3-glucanase, Hevea brasiliensis, leaf fall disease, Phytophthora palmivora, PR protein


The b-1,3-glucanase (b-glu) gene belongs to pathogenesis-related protein family 2 (PR2), which is induced by pathogens. Leaf fall disease caused by Phytophthora palmivora is the most serious disease affecting Para rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Müll. Arg.) seedlings. In this study, we examined the development of necrotic lesions and the molecular responses shown by H. brasiliensis clones RRIT 251 and RRIM 600 from infection by P. palmivora. The expansion of necrotic lesions on Para rubber leaves was observed around points of inoculation. The expression of b-glu was analyzed by RT-PCR, and the accumulation of b-1,3-glucanase protein was determined by denatured SDS-PAGE. The inoculation tests suggested that RRIT 251 clones have a better resistance than RRIM 600 clones, with infection occurring in 33.34 and 100 % of inoculations, respectively. RNA analysis by RT-PCR demonstrated that both RRIT 251 and RRIM 600 clones expressed the b-glu gene during P. palmivora infection, and protein analysis by denatured SDS-PAGE displayed no obvious differences between the clones. Although expression of the b-glu gene occurred in both clones, the clones differed in phenotype. The better resistance of RRIT 251 relative to RRIM 600 against infection by inoculation may be associated with other defense mechanisms against Phytophthora infection.



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Author Biography

Anurag SUNPAPAO, Department of Pest Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110

Department of Pest Management


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How to Cite

SUNPAPAO, A., & PORNSURIYA, C. (2015). Overexpression of β-1,3-Glucanase Gene in Response to Phytophthora palmivora Infection in Leaves of Hevea brasiliensis Clones. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology (WJST), 13(1), 35–43. Retrieved from https://wjst.wu.ac.th/index.php/wjst/article/view/1090



Research Article