Effect of Combined Cinnamon and Clove Oil Against Major Moulds Identified from Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis)

Narumol MATAN, Nirundorn MATAN

Abstract


Antimicrobial activities of pure and combined cinnamon and clove oils in a ratio of 1:1, 1:3, 1:5, 1:7, 3:1, 5:1 and 7:1 against major mould found on rubberwood (Aspergillus niger WU001, Penicillium chrysogenum WU002, Penicillium sp. WU003) were investigated using a broth dilution method at a concentration of 10 - 100 μL/mL. The higher ratios of cinnamon and clove oils (3:1, 5:1 and 7:1) were stronger inhibitors than the lower ratios of cinnamon and clove oils (1:1, 1:3, 1:5 and 1:7) and the pure cinnamon or clove oil. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the combined cinnamon and clove oils at the ratio 5:1 was determined to be 50 μL/mL for all moulds. Antifungal activity of the combined cinnamon and clove oils (5:1) at a concentration of   50 μL/mL was further examined on rubberwood specimens under storage conditions of 30 °C and 100 %RH. It was found that all moulds on rubberwood specimens were completely inhibited for at least 12 weeks under the storage conditions examined.


Keywords


Rubberwood, cinnamon oil, clove oil, antifungal

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References


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