Spectroscopy Study of Polyvinyl Alcohol/Carbon Dots Composite Films


  • Permono Adi PUTRO Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Nurfina YUDASARI Research Center for Physics, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Banten 15314 Indonesia
  • Isnaeni Research Center for Physics, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Banten 15314, Indonesia
  • Akhiruddin MADDU Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia




Carbon dots, Ionic conductivity, Polyvinyl alcohol, Spectroscopy


The unique characteristic of carbon dots (C-dots), such as optical and electrical properties, have been integrated into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to realize composites with synergistic. In this work, C-dots have been synthesized from inner cassava peels using simple methods at low temperatures. The C-dots were added to PVA, which is influenced the characteristic based on spectroscopy. The complex formation between PVA and C-dots was investigated by FTIR spectroscopy. The C-dots contributed to UV-Vis spectroscopy characteristic of PVA/C-dots with the absence of a new peak of absorbance spectra. Besides, C-dots also supported the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy characteristic of PVA/C-dots, so the highest ionic conductivity is induced by the enhancement of amorphous PVA when the c-dots content is increased.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


R Das, R Bandyopadhyay and P Pramanik. Carbon quantum dots from natural resource: A review. Mater. Today Chem. 2018; 8, 96-109.

KN Ambasankar, L Bhattacharjee, SK Jat, RR Bhattacharjee and K Mohanta. Study of electrical charge storage in polymer-carbon quantum dot composite. Chem. Sel. 2017; 2, 4241-7.

LM Shen and J Liu. New development in carbon quantum dots technical applications. Talanta 2016; 156-157, 245-56.

PA Putro, L Roza and Isnaeni. Precursor concentration effect on optical properties of carbon dots from cassava’s peels. J. Phys. Theor. Appl. 2018; 2, 43-52.

W Meng, X Bai, B Wang, Z Liu, S Lu and B Yang. Biomass-derived carbon dots and their applications. Energy Environ. Mater. 2019; 2, 172-92.

PA Putro, L Roza and Isnaeni. Karakterisasi sifat optik C-dots dari kulit luar singkong menggunakan teknik microwave. J. Teknol. Technoscientia 2019; 11, 128-36.

PA Putro, L Roza and Isnaeni. The effect of poly (ethylene glycol) on the photoluminescence properties of carbon dots from cassava peels synthesized by hydrothermal methods. SPEKTRA Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya 2019; 4, 11-20.

PA Putro, L Roza and Isnaeni. Photoluminescence properties of poly (ethylene glycol) passivated carbon dots from cassava peels. Indones. J. Sci. Educ. 2019; 3, 76-81.

W Kwon and SW Rhee. Facile synthesis of graphitic carbon quantum dots with size tunability and uniformity using reverse micelles. Chem. Commun. 2012; 48, 5256-8.

H Nan, Y Zhang, H Wei, H Chen, C Xue, G Yang, S Zou, G Wang and H Lin. Low-cost and environmentally friendly synthesis of an Al3+ and Mn4+ co-doped Li4Ti5O12 composite with carbon quantum dots as an anode for lithium-ion batteries. RSC Adv. 2019; 9, 22101-5.

SN Baker and GA Baker. Luminescent carbon nanodots: Emergent nanolights. Angew. Chemie 2010; 49, 6726-44.

SB Aziz, AQ Hassan, SJ Mohammed, WO Karim, MFZ Kadir, HA Tajuddin and NNMY Chan. Structural and optical characteristics of PVA:C-Dot composites: Tuning the absorption of ultra violet (UV) region. Nanomaterials 2019; 9, 216.

Q Hoang, V Mai, D Nguyen, DQ Truong and X Mai. Crosslinking induced photoluminescence quenching in polyvinyl alcohol-carbon quantum dot composite. Mater. Today Chem. 2019; 12, 166-72.

VB Kumar, AK Sahu, ASM Mohsin, X Li and A Gedanken. Refractive-index tuning of highly fluorescent carbon dots. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2017; 9, 28930-8.

ZC Jiang, TN Lin, HT Lin, MJ Talite, TT Tzeng, CL Hsu, KP Chiu, CAJ Lin, JL Shen and CT Yuan. A facile and low-cost method to enhance the internal quantum yield and external light-extraction efficiency for flexible light-emitting carbon-dot films. Sci. Rep. 2016; 6, 19991.

P Song, Z Xu and Q Guo. Bioinspired strategy to reinforce PVA with improved toughness and thermal properties via hydrogen-bond self-assembly. ACS Macro. Lett. 2013; 2, 1100-4.

P Song, Z Xu, Y Lu and Q Guo. Bioinspired strategy for tuning thermal stability of PVA via hydrogen-bond crosslink. Compos. Sci. Technol. 2015; 118, 16-22.

G Yang, X Wan, Y Liu, R Li, Y Su, X Zeng and J Tang. Luminescent poly (vinyl alcohol)/carbon quantum dots composites with tunable water-induced shape memory behavior in different pH and temperature environments. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2016; 8, 34744-54.

L Roza, PA Putro and Isnaeni. Ultrasonic-assisted melt blending for polyvinyl alcohol/carbon dots luminescent flexible films. AIP Conf. Proc. 2019; 2169, 060008.

YL Wang, YQ Zhao, Y Zhang, F Zhang, XT Feng, L Chen, YZ Yang and XG Liu. A single-phase heteroatom doped carbon dot phosphor toward white light-emitting diodes. RSC Adv. 2016; 6, 38761-8.

Y Wang, Y Zhao, F Zhang, L Chen, Y Yang and X Liu. Fluorescent polyvinyl alcohol films based on nitrogen and sulfur co-doped carbon dots towards white light-emitting devices. New J. Chem. 2016; 40, 8710-6.

A Sachdev and P Gopinath. Green synthesis of multifunctional carbon dots from coriander leaves and their potential application as antioxidants, sensors and bioimaging agents. Analyst 2015; 140, 4260-9.

A Fadllan, P Marwoto, MP Aji, Susanto and RS Iswari. Synthesis of carbon nanodots from waste paper with hydrothermal method. AIP Conf. Proc. 2017; 1788, 030069.

Isnaeni, Y Herbani and MM Suliyanti. Concentration effect on optical properties of carbon dots at room temperature. J. Lumin. 2018; 198, 215-9.

O Kozák, M Sudolská, G Pramanik, P Cígler, M Otyepka and R Zbořil. Photoluminescent carbon nanostructures. Chem. Mater. 2016; 28, 4085-128.

C Lee, B Pant, A Alam, T An, HJ Chung, ST Hong, SJ Park, M Park and HY Kim. Biocompatible and photoluminescent keratin/poly (vinyl alcohol)/carbon quantum dot nanofiber: A novel multipurpose electrospun mat. Macromol. Res. 2016; 24, 924-30.

D Bhattacharya, MK Mishra and G De. Carbon dots from a single source exhibiting tunable luminescent colors through the modification of surface functional groups in ORMOSIL films. J. Phys. Chem. C 2017; 121, 28106-16.

BP Jiang, YX Yu, XL Guo, ZY Ding, B Zhou, H Liang and XC Shen. White-emitting carbon dots with long alkyl-chain structure: Effective inhibition of aggregation caused quenching effect for label-free imaging of latent fingerprint. Carbon 2018; 128, 12-20.

Q Li, M Zhou, M Yang, Q Yang, Z Zhang and J Shi. Induction of long-lived room temperature phosphorescence of carbon dots by water in hydrogen-bonded matrices. Nat. Commun. 2018; 9, 734.

JR Lakowicz. Principles of fluorescence spectroscopy. Springer, USA, 2006.

T Yoshinaga, Y Iso and T Isobe. Particulate, structural, and optical properties of D-glucose-derived carbon dots synthesized by microwave-assisted hydrothermal treatment. ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 2018; 7, R3034-R3039.

X Dong, L Wei, Y Su, Z Li, H Geng, C Yang and Y Zhang. Efficient long lifetime room temperature phosphorescence of carbon dots in a potash alum matrix. J. Mater. Chem. C 2015; 3, 2798-801.

M Chang, L Li, H Hu, Q Hu, A Wang, X Cao, X Yu, S Zhang, Y Zhao, J Chen, Y Yang and J Xu. Using fractional intensities of time-resolved fluorescence to sensitively quantify NADH/NAD+ with genetically encoded fluorescent biosensors. Sci. Rep. 2017; 7, 4209.

ZL Wu, P Zhang, MX Gao, CF Liu, W Wang, F Leng and CZ Huang. One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of highly luminescent nitrogen-doped amphoteric carbon dots for bio- imaging from bombyx mori silk: Natural proteins. J. Mater. Chem. B. 2013; 1, 2868-73.

MA Saadiah, D Zhang, Y Nagao, SK Muzakir and AS Samsudin. Reducing crystallinity on thin film based CMC/PVA hybrid polymer for application as a host in polymer electrolytes. J. Non. Cryst. Solids 2019; 511, 201-11.

M Hu, X Gu, Y Hu, Y Deng and C Wang. PVA/carbon dot nanocomposite hydrogels for simple introduction of Ag nanoparticles with enhanced antibacterial activity. Macromol. Mater. Eng. 2016; 301, 1352-62.

S Wu, W Li, W Zhou, Y Zhan, C Hu, J Zhuang, H Zhang, X Zhang, B Lei and Y Liu. Large-scale one-step synthesis of carbon dots from yeast extract powder and construction of carbon dots/PVA fluorescent shape memory material. Adv. Opt. Mater. 2018; 6, 1701150.

Q Bai, G Zhang, B Xu, X Feng, H Jiang and H Li. Thermal and water dual-responsive shape memory poly (vinyl alcohol)/Al2O3 nanocomposite. RSC Adv. 2015; 5, 91213-7.

M Taspika, FA Permatasari, BW Nuryadin, TR Mayangsari and F Iskandar. Simultaneous ultraviolet and first near-infrared window absoprtion of luminescent carbon dots/PVA composite film. RSC Adv. 2019; 9, 7375-81.

Irzaman, R Erviansyah, H Syafutra, A Maddu and Siswadi. Studi konduktivitas listrik film tipis Ba 0.25 Sr 0.75 TiO3 yang didadah ferium oksida (BFST) menggunakan metode chemical solution deposition. Berk. Fis. 2010; 1, 33-8.

MA Ramli and MINM Isa. Structural and ionic transport properties of protonic conducting solid biopolymer electrolytes based on carboxymethyl cellulose doped ammonium fluoride. J. Phys. Chem. B 2016; 120, 11567-73.

MN Hafiza and MIN Isa. Solid polymer electrolyte production from 2-hydroxyethyl cellulose: Effect of NH4NO3 composition on its structural properties. Carbohydr. Polym. 2017; 165, 123-31.




How to Cite

PUTRO, P. A. ., YUDASARI, N. ., Isnaeni, I., & MADDU, A. . (2021). Spectroscopy Study of Polyvinyl Alcohol/Carbon Dots Composite Films. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology (WJST), 18(7), Article 9184 (12 pages). https://doi.org/10.48048/wjst.2021.9184