Estimating Child Death from Perinatal Originating Conditions and Congenital Malformations in Thailand

Binita Kumari Paudel, Apiradee Lim, Arjun Mani Guragain, Jagadish Paudel

Abstract


The objective of this study is to examine the correctness of reported causes of deaths in children, to estimate deaths from perinatal originating conditions (ICD-10, chapter block P) and congenital malformations (ICD-10, chapter block Q) in Thailand. The subset of Thai deaths of children under 5 years old (149 from a total of 9964 deaths) in a 2005 Verbal Autopsy (VA) study was selected as a sample from 1996 – 2009, was used as the target population for this study. Three different logistic regression models were fitted for three outcomes of interest: deaths from Perinatal Originating Conditions (POC), deaths from Congenital Malformations (CM) and from other causes including the effects of the province, sex and the location of death. This study found no difference in the probability of dying from the POC and CM by sex and province. As expected, the study found significant differences in reporting the correct causes of death inside and outside the hospital. Nearly 90% of deaths from both POC and CM that occurred in the hospital were reported correctly. In contrast, only 60% and 70%, of these causes of deaths that occurred outside the hospital, were reported correctly. The number of child deaths from POC in the 14 year period was estimated at 36 838 and from CM was estimated at 26 806. These estimations of deaths from POC are 1.49 times more and from CM are 2.18 times higher than those numbers actually reported.


Keywords


: perinatal originating condition, congenital malformation, verbal autopsy, logistic regression, Thailand

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