Effect of Aspergillus niger Fermented Soybean meal Supplementation in Formulated Diets on Growth Performances in Juvenile Asian Seabass (Lates culcarifer Bloch)

Worawut KOEDPRANG, Uton CHAROENDAT

Abstract


The utilization of indigenous mold Aspergillus niger from aquaculture area to improve the quality of soybean meal (SM) by fermentation and replacement in Asian seabass diet was studied on growth performances and feed utilization in juvenile Asian seabass, Lates calcalifer. The sinking diets with 40% of protein were formulated. The main sources of protein in diets were from a fish meal (FM). The low substitution levels of 4% of protein from SM, 10% of total protein was used in diets D1-D4 with replacement of fermented soybean meal (FSM) at 0, 25, 75 and 100%, respectively and high substitution levels of 8% of protein from SM, 20% of total protein was used in diets D5-D8 with replacement of FSM at 0, 25, 75 and 100%, respectively. An initial weight of juvenile Asian seabass was 12.83-12.90 g. The 10 fish were stocked in 100 L glass tank with triplicate groups. Each diet was fed to apparent satiation twice daily for 10 weeks. The results presented that, the final body weight (BW), specific growth rate (SGR), feed conversion ratio (FCR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), and feed capital shown significant difference (P<0.05) while final total length (TL), survival rate (SR), carcass percentage and hepatosomatic index (HSI) were not significant differences (P>0.05). The 4% of protein from SM able to replaced by 25-100% of FSM with increased growth performances and feed utilization while feed cost (Thai baht kg-1 of fish) was reduced, respectively. The A. niger FSM is alternative protein source for growth, feed utilization improvement, and feed cost reduction of Asian seabass farmers.


Keywords


Fermented soybean meal, Indigenous Aspergillus niger, Juvenile Asian seabass

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