Factors Predicting Psychological Well-being Among Parents of a Critically Ill Child in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

Jiraporn Punyoo, Linchong Pothiban, Usanee Jintrawet, Jutarat Mesukko, Sanit Reungrongrat


A child’s hospitalization in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is a stressful and suffering situation affecting their parents. This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to investigate the predicting factors of parents’ psychological well-being with regard to a critically ill child in the PICU. The participants were 100 parents with a child hospitalized in one of the five PICUs of five tertiary hospitals. The research instruments included the Demographic Recording Form, the Child’s Behavioral and Emotional Responses Scale, the Sense of Coherence Scale-Short Form (SOC-13), Thai Version, the Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS), the Buddhist Belief Questionnaire, the Modified Version of Social Support Questionnaire, Thai Version, and the Psychological General Well-Being Index (PGWBI). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation, Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression. The results of hierarchical multiple regression showed that religious belief, the child's behavioral and emotional responses, sense of coherence, coping, and social support could explain 36% of the variance in the psychological well-being of parents of a critically ill child. The results of this study serve as preliminary information for nurses in planning activities to enhance the psychological well-being of the parents.


A critically ill child, parents, psychological well-being, pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)


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Online ISSN: 2228-835X


Last updated: 20 June 2019