Organic Amendment and Compound Fertilizer Effects on Soil Chemical Properties and Cultivation of Maize (Zea maysL) in Rainfed Land

MUHAMAD KHOIRU ZAKI

Abstract


Indonesia is the sixth largest maize (Zea mays L) producer in the world, contributing 2% to the global production. Maize (Zea mays L) is grown mainly (89%) in rainfed areas. In agriculture management, rainfed area has problem such as lack of water and nutrient availability. This study aims to know organic amendments and NPK fertilizer effects in rainfed land management. The experiment consisted of five treatments: (i) control (KO); (ii) compost fertilizer (CF); (iii) straw mulch (MC); (iv) legume cover crop (CC) and (v) NPK fertilizer (AF), which were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replicates. The results showed organic amendments as compost fertilizer and mulch can increase soil organic carbon, organic matter, plant height, cob weight, and biomass. In other hand, legume cover crops have an adverse effect on the growth and yield of maize, due to nutrient competition between legume cover crop and maize. NPK fertilizer treatment has the highest value for growth and yield of corn crop, followed by compost, mulch, control and legume cover crop.


Keywords


Organic amendment, NPK fertilizer, soil chemical properties, growth and yield of maize

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