Quality of Work Life among Public Health Nurses: A Survey Comparison between Thailand and Japan

Patcharee - Komjakraphan


Researchers from Thailand and Japan have initiated a collaborative project, with the aim of comparing Public Health Nurse’s Quality of Work Life (QWL). In this research, QWL of registered nurses working in community setting in Thailand were identified and compared with Public Health Nurses (PHNs) in Japan in order to determine similarities and differences between the two countries regarding their quality of work life. The 42-item of Brooks’ survey of Quality of Nursing Work Life (QNWL) was translated and evaluated in Thailand and Japan. In total, 102 Thai, and 209 Japanese public health nurses completed the questionnaire.

Findings show that QNWL level of both Thai and Japanese PHNs were at moderate level. Thai scored higher than Japanese in overall scores. Thai reported significantly higher on work design dimensions (t=9.12, p< 0.05). For both groups, three out of four dimensions were ranked in same pattern as the lowest was home life/work life, followed by work design, and work context. However, Thai scored lowest on work world dimension, while Japanese scored highest on that dimension. Findings also show significant association between country and age groups (χ2 = 20.01, p = 0.00, marital status (χ2 = 6.50, p = 0.01), education (χ2=70.05, p=0.00), and dependent family members (χ2=128.16, p=0.00). No significant association was noted between country and gender (χ2=0.37, p=0.54), and between country and work experience (χ2=2.88, p=0.23).The findings extend our understanding of the Public Health Nurse’s quality of work life that contribute to nursing in different cultural contexts, and they provide a rare direct comparison of Public Health Nurses in Thailand and Japan.


Keywords: Public health nurse, quality of work life, Thai –Japanese PHNs, comparison study


Quality of work life, Public Health Nurse, Thai- Japanese PHNs, comparison study


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Online ISSN: 2228-835X


Last updated: 20 June 2019