Effects of Three-Dimension Schroth Exercises and Kinesio Taping on General Mobility of Vertebrae, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Muscle Strength and Endurance of Trunk, and Inspiratory and Expiratory Muscle Strength in Children with Idiopathic Scoliosis

Roongtip DUANGKEAW, Teerapat LADDAWONG, Numchai RATTANAPONGBUNDIT, Burawan POLMANG

Abstract


This study aimed to compare the effects of 3-dimension Schroth exercises and Kinesio taping (KT) on several variables in children with idiopathic scoliosis. Female volunteers aged 10 - 18 years with an angle trunk rotation > 7 degrees participated in the study. The 16 volunteers were divided into 2 groups: ‘Three-dimension Schroth exercises’ (Con) and ‘Kinesio tape with Schroth exercises’ (KT). The training program comprised 2 sessions per week with 2 h per session for 6 consecutive weeks. Significant increases of maximal inspiratory pressure (Con; p = 0.046), maximal expiratory pressure (Con; p = 0.046, KT; p = 0.047), and back muscle endurance (Con; p = 0.028, KT; p = 0.028) were recorded. Significant decreases of angle trunk rotation at the thoracic level (Con; p = 0.046, KT; p = 0.017) and the lumbar level (Con; p = 0.042, KT; p = 0.041) were recorded. In conclusion, 3-dimension Schroth exercises and KT with Schroth exercises can increase maximal expiratory pressure, back muscle endurance, and angle of trunk rotation at the thoracic and the lumbar level.

Keywords


Three-dimension Schroth exercises, Kinesio tape, idiopathic scoliosis, angle of trunk rotation, inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength

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