Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) Infection in Several Varieties and Age of Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum, Mill.)

Nurhayati DAMIRI, Amat NURKHOLIS, Yulia PUJIASTUTI, Supli Effendi RAHIM


Disease caused by Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) is one of the important diseases in tomato plants, which is transmitted through both natural and artificial wounds. TMV attacking tomato plants can cause qualitatively and quantitatively lower production. The decline in production by TMV attack can reach 60%. The research was conducted at greenhouse of Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sriwijaya, Indralaya, Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra, Indonesia, started in January to June 2016. The purpose of this study was to assess the TMV attack on different varieties and ages of tomato plants. This study was conducted using a factorial in Factorial Randomized Complete Block Design (FRCBD), with the first factor, namely plant varieties and the second factor was age stage of plants, which is repeated three times. The results showed that the most susceptible tomato was “Permata” with the incubation period of the fastest, with the disease severity was moderate. Age 8 weeks when inoculation took place was the most vulnerable, with the highest disease severity.  Combination of tomato variety of Permata and the ages’ stage of 8 weeks at the time of inoculation has the highest disease incidence. 


Tobacco Mosaic Virus, plant ages, Varieties of Tomatoes


N Hanindita. 2008. Export Analysis of Tomato Fresh Indonesia. Executive Summary Business Management Graduate Program, Bogor Agriculture University.

Central Bureau of Statistics. 2014. Statistical horticultural production in 2014,; retrieved on 17 November, 2015.

JM Lyons and H Ferris. 1985. IPM for tomatoes. University of California, Statewide IPM. Project Publication.

OS Bolagun, L Xu, T Teraoka and D Husokawa . 2002. Effect of single and double infection with PVX and TMV on disease development, plant growth and virus accumulation in tomato. Fitopatologia Brasileira 27 (3): 241-248.

R Sutarya. 1989. Several important viruses on tomato plants in Sub-District of Lembang (Bandung Regency). Bul. Penel. Hort. 72-79.

N Damiri. 2014. Mixed viral infection and growth stage on Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) production. Pertanika J. Trop. Sci 37 (2):275-283.

H Semangun. 2000. Diseases of crops in Indonesia. Gajah Mada University Press.Yogyakarta.

KBG Scholthof, J.G Shaw, M Zaitlin. 2000. Tobacco Mosiac Virus: one hundred years of contribution to virology. American Phytophathology Society Press, St Paul, MN.

R Hadas., M pearlsman., T Gefen., D Lachman., E Hadar., G Sharabany and Y Antignus,. 2004. Indexing system for tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) in commercial tomato lots. Phytoparasitica, 32 (4):421-424.

DJ Lewandowski and WO Dawson. 1998. Tobamoviruses in encyclopedia of virology 2nd edition (Eds. A Granoff and RG Webster). Vol 3, 1780-1783. Academic Press Inc, New York. N. Y.

N Damiri. 2012. Virus Pathogen of plants. Sriwijaya University Press. Palembang, Indonesia.

LM Dolores. 1996. Management of pepper viruses. In AVNET II. Final Workshop Proc. AVRDC, Tainan, Taiwan, pp. 334-42.

KA Gomez and AA Gomez. Statistical procedures for agricultural research (2nd ed.) An international rice research institute book. New York-Chichester-Brisbane-Toronto-Singapore: A Wiley-Intersci. Publ., John Wiley and Sons. 1984.

H Susetio. 2011. Yellow mosaic disease on long bean: response of long bean (Vigna sinensis L.) cultivar and efficiency of spreading through aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch.). B.Sc. Thesis of Agriculture Faculty, Bogor Agriculture University.

DE Kusumawati, T Hadiastono and M Martosudiro. 2013. Resilience Five Plant Varieties cayenne (Capsicum frutescens L.) Against Infectious TMV (Tobacco mosaic virus) On Plants Different Age. Brawijaya University. Malang.

ML Scott, T Robert and ST Howell. 1993. Effect of host plant development and genetic determinants on the long-distance movement of cauliflower mosaic virus in Arabidopsis. The Plant Cell 5:191-202.

ERD Purba. 2011. The influence of Squesh mosaic comovirus infection on the mosaic disease development on five varieties of cucumber. PhD Thesis, Bogor Agriculture University..

P Vidhayasekaran. 1988. Phsiology of disease resistance in plant, Vol 1. Florida:CRS Press.

GN Agrios. 2005. Plant Pathology, 5thEdition. San Diego Academic Press.

IK Siadi, IN Raka, and IN Purwadi .2012. Seed production of cayenne (Capsicum frutescens L.) Free of TMV (Tobacco mosaic virus) through Dry Heat Treatment. University of Udayana. Denpasar.

F Jay, Y Wang, A Yu, L Taconnat, S Pelletier, V Colot, JP Renou and O Voinnet. 2011. Misregulation of auxin response factor 8 underlies the developmental abnormalities caused by three distinct viral silencing suppressor in Arabidopsis. PLoS Pathog 7, e1002035.

JN Curver and MS Padmanabhan. 2007. Virus-induced disease: altering host physiology on interaction at a time. Annu. Rev Phytopathol. 2007, 45:221-243.

MS Padmanabhan, H Shiferaw and JN Culver 2006. The tobacco mosaic virus replicase protein disrupts the localization and function of interacting Aux/IAA protein, Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 19: 864-873.

MS Padmanabhan, SR Kramer, X Wang and JN Culver. 2008. Tobacco Mosaic Virus replicase-auxin/indole acetic acid protein interaction, reprogramming the auxin respone pathway to enhance virus infection. J. Virol 82:2477-2485.

S Balachandras, R. J Hull, Y Vaadia, S Wilf and W. J Lucas. 1995. Aternation in carbon partitioning induced by the movement protein of Tobacco Mosaic Virus originates in the mesophyll and is independent of change in the plasmodesmata size exclusion limit. Plant Cell Environ 18. 1301-1310.

M Taufik, Sarawa., A Hasan, and K Amelia. 2013. Analysis of Temperature’s effect and moisture on the development of Tobacco Mosaic Virus on Chilli. University of Haluoleo. Kendari.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Online ISSN: 2228-835X

Last updated: 20 June 2019