Effect of cold temperature on mass production of Habrobracon hebetor (Say) (Braconidae: Hymenoptera) reared on Corcyra cephalonica Stainton (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

Atirach NOOSIDUM, Weerachai SOMSRI, Angsumarn CHANDRAPATYA

Abstract


Habrobracon hebetor has been investigated as a successful biological control agent for larvae of pyralid moths in warehouses. Gaining new information on how to improve the storage procedure of H. hebetor pupa under cold conditions could allow the development of approaches to maintain this parasitoid in pest management program. This study aims to investigate the effect cold temperatures (10 and 15 °C) on pupal storage of H. hebetor reared with Corcyra cephalonica for up to three weeks. The mortality results of H. hebetor adult emerging during cold storage at 10 °C (18 %) and 15 °C (61 %) were significantly observed after 21 days of storage while other treatments were less than 4 %. Mortality of H. hebetor pupa during cold storage in all treatments presented 4 - 19 %. The most percentage of male and female emerging after cold storage were 60 - 86 % and 19 - 39 %, respectively and their numbers were not different from control treatment. Numbers of egg laid by adult females were not significant in control treatment after laying for 72 hours, and the number of eggs was 43 - 45 eggs per female. Significance on number of male and female progeny produced by the female after storage between control treatment and other treatments were not observed at 72 hours after emerging. The sex ratios between male and female in all treatments were not significant from control treatment, and the ratio was 0.62 - 0.91 at 72 hours after emerging.


Keywords


insect parasitoid, rice moth, cold storage, sex ratio, biological control

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