Physical Activity for Adult Cancer Survivors: A Literature Review

Apichai WATTANAPISIT

Abstract


Cancer survivors have suffered from the diseases and are a unique medical population with a wide variety of treatment options that put them at risk for both short- and long-term side effects. Physical activity is one of the healthy behaviours which can decrease suffering and improve health quality. This article reviews the evidence-based data about the benefits of physical activity, a physical activity programme, and precautions and special considerations of physical activity among adult cancer survivors. The current evidence supports the view that cancer survivors get physiological and psychological benefits from physical activity. Aerobic and resistance training activities are main components of physical activity for cancer survivors during and after treatment. However, cancer survivors need cancer-specific approaches and individualised physical activity or exercise programmes to decrease the risk of injuries and complications. In summary, cancer survivors should do enough physical activity and avoid inactivity, depending on their health conditions. Most studies in this field have been done in breast, prostate, colon, haematologic, and gynaecologic cancer survivors. The knowledge in other types of cancers is still required.

Keywords


Benefits, cancer survivor, exercise, physical activity, physical activity programme

Full Text:

PDF

References


D Batty and I Thune. Does physical activity prevent cancer? Evidence suggests protection against colon cancer and probably breast cancer. Br. Med. J. 2000; 321, 1424-5.

HK Neilson and CM Friedenreich. Lifestyle Factors Associated with Cancer Incidence, Recurrence, and Survival. In: ML Irwin (ed.). ACSM’s Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship. Human Kinetics, Illinois, 2012, p. 29-47.

K Schmitz. Exercise Prescription and Programming Adaptations Based on Surgery, Treatment, and Side Effects. In: ML Irwin (ed.). ACSM’s Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship. Human Kinetics, Illinois, 2012, p. 87-112.

KH Schmitz, KS Courneya, C Matthews, W Demark-Wahnefried, DA Galvao, BM Pinto, ML Irwin, KY Wolin, RJ Segal, A Lucia, CM Schneider, VE von Gruenigen and AL Schwartz. American College of Sports Medicine roundtable on exercise guidelines for cancer survivors. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2010; 42, 1409-26.

KL Campbell. Benefits of Physical Activity after a Cancer Diagnosis. In: ML Irwin (ed.). ACSM’s Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship. Human Kinetics, Illinois, 2012, p. 49-71.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. The Secretary of Health and Human Services, Washington DC, 2008.

CL Rock, C Doyle, W Demark-Wahnefried, J Meyerhardt, KS Courneya, AL Schwartz, EV Bandera, KK Hamilton, B Grant, M McCullough, T Byers and T Ganslerl. Nutrition and physical activity guidelines for cancer survivors. CA Cancer J. Clin. 2012; 62, 242-74.

MA Hauken, I Holsen, E Fismen and TM Larsen. Working toward a good life as a cancer survivor: A longitudinal study on positive health outcomes of a rehabilitation program for young adult cancer survivors. Cancer Nurs. 2015; 38, 3-15.

KM Heinrich, C Becker, T Carlisle, K Gilmore, J Hauser, J Frye and CA Harms. High-intensity functional training improves functional movement and body composition among cancer survivors: A pilot study. Eur. J. Cancer Care 2015; 24, 812-7.

ME Slater, J Steinberger, JA Ross, AS Kelly, EJ Chow, IH Koves, P Hoffmeister, AR Sinaiko, A Petryk, A Moran, J Lee, LS Chow and KS Baker. Physical activity, fitness, and cardiometabolic risk factors in adult survivors of childhood cancer with a history of hematopoietic cell transplantation. Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015; 21, 1278-83.

LC Capozzi, KR Boldt, H Lau, L Shirt, B Bultz and SN Culos-Reed. A clinic-supported group exercise program for head and neck cancer survivors: Managing cancer and treatment side effects to improve quality of life. Support. Care Cancer 2015; 23, 1001-7.

A Murnane, K Gough, K Thompson, L Holland and R Conyers. Adolescents and young adult cancer survivors: Exercise habits, quality of life and physical activity preferences. Support. Care Cancer 2015; 23, 501-10.

LW Wang, XH Gong, N Ding, XF Chen XF, L Sun, Z Tang, DH Yu, ZP Yuan, XD Wang and JM Yu. The influence of comorbid chronic diseases and physical activity on quality of life in lung cancer survivors. Support. Care Cancer 2015; 23, 1383-9.

LL Lin, JC Brown, S Segal and KH Schmitz. Quality of life, body mass index, and physical activity among uterine cancer patients. Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer 2014; 24, 1027-32.

LM Buffart, WJG Ros, MJM Chinapaw, J Brug, DL Knol, I Korstjens, EV Weert, I Mesters, BVD Borne, JEHM Hoekstra-Weebers and AM May. Mediators of physical exercise for improvement in cancer survivors’ quality of life. Psycho Oncol. 2014; 23, 330-8.

AI Cuesta-Vargas, J Buchan and M Arroyo-Morales. A multimodal physiotherapy programme plus deep water running for improving cancer-related fatigue and quality of life in breast cancer survivors. Eur. J. Cancer Care 2014; 23, 15-21.

D Mirandola, G Miccinesi, MG Muraca, E Sgambati, M Monaci and M Marini. Evidence for adapted physical activity as an effective intervention for upper limb mobility and quality of life in breast cancer survivors. J. Phys. Activ. Health 2014; 11, 814-22.

A Murtezani, Z Ibraimi, A Bakalli, S Krasniqi, ED Disha and I Kurtishi. The effect of aerobic exercise on quality of life among breast cancer survivors: A randomized controlled trial. J. Cancer Res. Therapeut. 2014; 10, 658-64.

LQ Rogers, S Vicari, R Trammell, P Hopkins-Price, A Fogleman, A Spenner, K Rao, KS Courneya, KS Hoelzer, R Robbs and S Verhulst. Biobehavioral factors mediate exercise effects on fatigue in breast cancer survivors. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2014; 46, 1077-88.

N Galiano-Castillo, A Ariza-Garcia, I Cantarero-Villanueva, C Fernandez-Lao, L Diaz-Rodriguez and M Arroyo-Morales. Depressed mood in breast cancer survivors: Associations with physical activity, cancer-related fatigue, quality of life, and fitness level. Eur. J. Oncol. Nurs. 2014; 18, 206-10.

ML Luoma, L Hakamies-Blomqvist, C Blomqvist, R Nikander, M Gustavsson-Lilius and T Saarto. Experiences of breast cancer survivors participating in a tailored exercise intervention: A qualitative study. Anticancer Res. 2014; 34, 1193-9.

PD Loprinzi and H Lee. Rationale for promoting physical activity among cancer survivors: Literature review and epidemiologic examination. Oncol. Nurs. Forum 2014; 41, 117-25.

JP Hardee, RR Porter, X Sui, E Archer, IM Lee, CJ Lavie and SN Blair. The effect of resistance exercise on all-Cause mortality in cancer survivors. Mayo Clin. Proc. 2014; 89, 1108-15.

SN Garland, B Johnson, C Palmer, RM Speck, M Donelson, SX Xie, A DeMichele and JJ Mao. Physical activity and telomere length in early stage breast cancer survivors. Breast Cancer Res. 2014; 16, 413.

L Trinh, N Mutrie, AM Campbell, JJ Crawford and KS Courneya. Effects of supervised exercise on motivational outcomes in breast cancer survivors at 5-year follow-up. Eur. J. Oncol. Nurs. 2014; 18, 557-63.

SA Gho, BJ Munro, SC Jones and JR Steele. Exercise bra discomfort is associated with insufficient exercise levels among Australian women treated for breast cancer. Support. Care Cancer 2014; 22, 721-9.

EJ Philip, EJ Coups, MB Feinstein, BJ Park, DJ Wilson and JS Ostroff. Physical activity preferences of early-stage lung cancer survivors. Support. Care Cancer 2014; 22, 495-502.

AL Schwartz. Safety, Injury Prevention, and Emergency Procedures. In: ML Irwin (ed.). ACSM’s Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship. Human Kinetics, Illinois, 2012, p. 153-60.

B Lewis and K Schuver. Theories of Behavior Change. In: G Liguori, GB Dwyer, TC Fitts and B Lewis (eds.). ACSM’s Resources for the Health Fitness Specialist. 1st ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2014, p. 234-48.

LA Korde. Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer. In: ML Irwin (ed.). ACSM’s Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship. Human Kinetics, Illinois, 2012, p. 1-14.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




http://wjst.wu.ac.th/public/site/images/admin/image012_400

Online ISSN: 2228-835X

http://wjst.wu.ac.th

Last updated: 20 June 2019