Direction of Arrival Estimation using MUSIC, ESPRIT and Maximum-Likelihood Algorithms for Antenna Arrays

Mohammed Amine IHEDRANE, Seddik BRI


The main objective of this article is to compare the performance of 3 famous Eigen structure algorithms, known as the Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC), the Estimation of Signal Parameter via Rotational Invariance Techniques (ESPRIT), and non-subspace method Maximum-Likelihood Estimation (MLE) for Direction of Arrival (DOA).The performance of this DOA estimation algorithm is based on Uniform Linear Array (ULA). A number of simulation results were carried out using MATLAB and were compared with experimental ones. The comparison shows that the MUSIC algorithm is more accurate and stable compared to the ESPRIT and MLE algorithms.



Full Text:



LC Godara. Application of antenna arrays to mobile communications part II: Beam-forming and direction of arrival consideration. Proc. IEEE 1997, 85, 1195-245.

AK Shauerman and AA Shauerman. Spectral-based algorithms of direction-of-arrival estimation for adaptive digital antenna arrays. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference and Seminar on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices, Novosibirsk, Russia, 2010, p. 251-5.

B Liao and SC Chan. DOA estimation of coherent signals for uniform linear arrays with mutual coupling. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2011, p. 377-80.

D Zhang, F Wang, R Burgos and D Boroyevich. Common mode circulating current control of interleaved three-phase two-level voltage-source converters with discontinuous space-vector modulation. In: Proceedings of IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, San Jose, CA, USA, 2009, p. 2801-7.

M Jalali, MN Moghaddasi and A Habibzadeh. Comparing accuracy for ML, MUSIC, ROOT-MUSIC and spatially smoothed algorithms for 2 users. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference Mediterranean on Microwave Symposium, Tangiers, Morocco, 2009, p. 1-5.

SS Balabadrapatruni. Performance evaluation of direction of arrival estimation using Matlab. Signal Image Process. Int. J. 2012; 3, 57-72.

RO Schidt. Multiple emitter location and signal parameter estimation. IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 1986; 34, 276-80.

A Paulraj, R Roy and T Kailath. A subspace rotation approach to signal parameter estimation. Proc. IEEE 1986; 74, 1044-6.

L Osman, I Sfar and A Gharsallah. Comparative study of high-resolution direction-of-arrival estimation algorithms for array antenna system. Int. J. Res. Rev. Wireless Comm. 2012; 2, 72-7.

R Roy and T Kailath. ESPRIT-estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariance techniques. IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 1989; 37, 984-95.

G Mao, B Fridan and B Anderson. Wireless sensor network localization techniques. Comput. Network. 2007; 51, 2529-53.

P Yang, F Yang and ZP Nie. DOA estimation with sub-array divided technique and interpolated esprit algorithm on a cylindrical conformal array antenna. Progr. Electromagn. Res. 2010; 103, 201-16.

F Vincent, O Besson and E Chaumette. Approximate unconditional maximum likelihood direction of arrival estimation for two closely spaced targets. IEEE Signal Process. Lett. 2015; 22, 86-9.

J Xin, N Zheng and A Sano. Simple and efficient nonparametric method for estimating the number of signals without eigen decomposition. IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 2007; 55, 1405-20.

P Stoica and A Nehorai. Music, maximum likelihood, and Cramer-Rao bound. IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 1990; 37, 720-41.

Y Khamou, S Safi and M Frikel. Comparative study between several direction of arrival estimation methods. J. Telecomm. Inform. Tech. 2014; 1, 41-8.

CR Dongarsane, AN Jadhav and SM Hirikude. Performance analysis of ESPRIT algorithm for smart antenna system. Int. J. Comput. Comm. Tech. 2011; 2, 51-4.

C Joe, C Ralph, E Hudson and K Yao. Maximum-likelihood source localization and unknown sensor location estimation for wideband signals in the near field. IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 2002; 50, 1843-54.

FA de Leon and JJS Marciano. Application of MUSIC, ESPIRIT and SAGE algorithms for narrowband signal detection and localization. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Region 10 Conference TENCON, Hong Kong, China, 2006, p. 1-4.

WJ Si, XY Lan and Y Zou. Novel high-resolution DOA estimation using subspace projection method. J. China Univ. Post. Telecomm. 2012; 19, 110-6.

B Li, YX Zou and YS Zhu. Direction estimation under compressive sensing framework: A review and experimental results. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Information and Automation, ICIA, Shenzhen, China, 2011, p. 63-8.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Online ISSN: 2228-835X

Last updated: 17 May 2019