Study of the Effect of Gypsum and Rice Straw Extract on the Control of Earthy-Musty Odor in Tilapia Culture Pond
Keywords:Earthy-musty odor, geosmin, MIB, gypsum, rice straw extract, Nile tilapia
AbstractThe effect of gypsum and rice straw extract to reduce the levels of earthy-musty odor in tilapia earthen ponds was determined. Three treatments with 3 replicates in a completely randomized design were performed as follows: T1 - control; T2 - gypsum at 200 ppm, and T3 - rice straw tannin extract at 1 ppm. The results show that rice straw tannin extract treatment in tilapia ponds was the most effective method in reducing off-flavor in pond water. The use of 200 ppm gypsum in reducing off-flavor in ponds was also more effective than the control. Both rice straw extract and gypsum-treated ponds had increased fish biomass and %FCE. These methods have potential as alternative methods for the reduction of off-flavor, as well as the control of phytoplankton, turbidity, and TSS in tilapia ponds.
JL Smith, GL Boyer and PV Zimba. A review of cyanobacterial odorous and bioactive metabolites: Impacts and management alternatives in aquaculture. Aquaculture 2008; 280, 5-20.
F Juttner. Physiology and biochemistry of odorous compounds from fresh-water cyanobacteria and algae. Water Sci. Tech. 1995; 31, 69-78.
G Izaguirre and WD Taylor. A Pseudanabaena species from Castaic Lake, California, that produces 2-methylisoborneol. Water Res. 1998; 32, 1673-7.
N Sugiura and K Nakano. Causative microorganisms for musty odor occurrence in the eutrophic lake Kasumigaura Hydrobiologia 2000; 434, 145-50.
RL Gutierrez. 2014, Remediation and Mitigation of Off-Flavor and Odor Compounds (Geosmin and 2-Methylisoborneol) in Water for Aquaculture. Ph. D. Dissertation. Maejo University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
ML Jackson. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1958.
US Jones. Fertilizers and Soil Fertility. Reston Publishing, Reston, Virginia, 1979.
R Wu and CE Boyd. Evaluation of calcium sulfate for use in aquaculture ponds. Prog. Fish. Cult. 1990; 52, 26-31.
CE Boyd. Water Quality Management for Pond Fish Culture. Elsevier Scientific, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1982.
MT Gibson, IM Welch, PRF Barrett and I Ridge. Barley straw as an inhibitor of algal growth II: Laboratory studies. J. Appl. Phycol. 1990; 2, 241-8.
PRF Barrett, JC Curnow and JW Littlejohn. The control of diatom and cyanobacterial blooms in reservoirs using barley straw. Hydrobiologia 1996; 340, 307-11.
MH Park, MS Han, CY Ahn, HS Kim, BD Yoon and HM Oh. Growth inhibition of bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystisaeruginosa by rice straw extract. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 2006; 43, 307-12.
H Rajabi, Y Filizadeh, M Soltani and MH Fotokian. The use of barley straw for controlling of cyanobacteria under field application. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2010; 5, 394-401.
SM Abou El Ella, MM Hosny and MF Bakry. Growth inhibition of bloom forming using rice straw in water courses (case study). In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference for Water Technology, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, 2007, p. 105-12.
MAM Gammal and DAR Al-Kenawy. Environment-friendly biomaterial (rice straw extract) for controlling the cyanobacterium Microcystisaeruginosa in natural water in Abbassa and RYAN water in Egypt. In: Proceedings of the 2nd Global Fisheries and Aquaculture Research Conference, Cairo International Convention Center, Egypt, 2009, p. 171-81.
AM Shahabuddin, MT Oo, Y Yi, DP Thakur, AN Bart and JS Diana. Study about the effect of rice straw mat on water quality parameters, plankton production and mitigation of clay Turbidity in earthen fish ponds. World J. Fish Marine Sci. 2012; 4, 577-85.
SW Lloyd and CC Grimm. Analysis of 2-methylisoborneol and geosmin in catfish by microwave distillation-solid-phase microextraction. J. Agric. Food Chem. 1999; 47, 164-9.
R Gutierrez, N Whangchai, U Sompong, W Prarom, N Iwami, T Itayama, N Nomura and N Sugiura. Off-flavour in Nile tilapia (Oreochromisniloticus) cultured in an integrated pond-cage culture system. Maejo Int. J. Sci. Tech. 2013; 7, S1-13.
APHA. Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 15th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington DC, 1980.
CE Boyd and CS Tucker. Water Quality and Pond Soil Analyses for Aquaculture. Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Alabama, 1992.
TC Somers and G Ziemelis. Gross interference by sulphur dioxide in standard determinations of wine phenolics. J. Sci. Food Agr.1980; 31, 600-10.
JFGM Wintermans and A de Mots. Spectrophotometric characteristics of chlorophyll a and b and their pheophytins in ethanol. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1965; 109, 448-53.
Y Saijo. A method for determination of chlorophyll. Jpn. J. Limnol. 1975; 36, 103-9.
Y Peerapornpisal. Freshwater Algae in Thailand. Department of Biology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 2013.
CN Seong, JH Choi and KS Baik. An improved selective isolation of rare actinomycetes from forest soil. J. Microbiol. Soc. Korea 2001; 39, 17-23.
T Bagenal. Methods for the Assessment of Fish Production in Fresh Waters. 3rd Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK, 1978.
W Jr. Wasielesky, H Atwood, A Stokes and CL Browdy. Effect of natural production in a zero exchange suspended microbial floc based super-intensive culture system for white shrimp Litopenaeusvannamei. Aquaculture 2006; 258, 396-403.
MA Burford, PJ Thompson, RP McIntosh, RH Bauman and DC Pearson. The contribution of flocculated material to shrimp (Litopenaeusvannamei) nutrition in a high intensity, zero-exchange system. Aquaculture 2004; 232, 525-37.
B Hari, BM Kurup, JT Varghese, JW Schrama and MCJ Verdegem Effects of carbohydrate addition on production in extensive shrimp culture systems. Aquaculture 2004; 241, 179-94.
KE Clark, FAPC Gobas and D Mackay. Model of organic chemical uptake and clearance by fish from food and water. Environ. Sci. Tech. 1990; 24, 1203-13.
EF Brownlee, SG Sellner and KG Sellner. Effects of barley straw (Hordeumvulgare) on freshwater and brackish phytoplankton and cyanobacteria. J. Appl. Phycol. 2003; 15, 525-31.
D Murray, SA Parsons, P Jarvis and B Jefferson. The impact of barley straw conditioning on the inhibition of Scenedesmus using chemostats. Water Res. 2010; 44, 1373-80.
JM Pillinger, JA Cooper and I Ridge. Role of phenolic compounds in the antialgal activity of barley straw. J. Chem. Ecol. 1994; 20, 1557-69.
TJ Waybright, DE Terlizzi and MD Ferrier. Chemical characterization of the aqueous algistatic fraction of barley straw (Hordeumvulgare) inhibiting Microcystisaeruginosa. J. Appl. Phycol. 2008; 21, 333-40.
P Pimolrat, N Whangchai, C Chitmanat, T Itayama and L Lebel. Off-flavor Characterization in high nutrient load Tilapia ponds in northern Thailand. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2015; 15, 275-83.
B Zaitlin and S Watson. Actinomycetes in relation to taste and odour in drinking water: Myths, tenets and truths. Water Res. 2006; 40, 1741-53.
B Zaitlin, S Watson, J Ridal, T Satchwill and D Parkinson. Actinomycetes in lake Ontario: Habitats and geosmin and MIB production. J. Am. Water Works Assoc. 2003; 95, 113-8.
C Klausen, MH Nicolaisen, BW Strobel, F Warnecke, JL Nielsen and NOG Jorgensen. Abundance of actinobacteria and production of geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol in Danish streamsand fish ponds. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 2005; 52, 265-78.
NN Gerber. Volatile substances from actinomycetes-their role in the odor pollution of water. CRC Cr. Rev. Microbiol. 1979; 7, 191-214.
KK Schrader and WT Blevins. Geosmin-producing species of Streptomyces and Lyngbya from aquaculture ponds. Can. J. Microbiol. 1993; 39, 834-40.
M Van Der Ploeg and CE Boyd. Geosmin production in cyanobacteria (blue green algae (in fish pond at Auburn, Alabama. J. World Aquacult. Soc. 1991; 22, 207-16.
F Juttner and SB Watson. Biochemical and ecological control of geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol in source waters. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2007; 73, 4395-406.
F Zhong, Y Gao, T Yua, Y Zhang, D Xua, E Xiao, F He, Q Zhoua and Z Wua. The management of undesirable cyanobacteria blooms in channel catﬁsh ponds using a constructed wetland: Contribution to the control of off-ﬂavor occurrences. Water Res. 2011; 45, 6479-88.
F Sun, HY Pei, WR Hu, XQ Li, CX Ma and RT Pei. The cell damage of Microcystisaeruginosa in PACl coagulation and floc storage processes. Sep. Purif. Tech. 2013; 115, 123-8.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Walailak Journal of Science and Technology (WJST)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.