Seasonal Distribution and Habitat Use of Green Peafowl Pavo muticus Linnaeus, 1766, in Nam Whean Forest Protection Unit, Northern Thailand

Ghan SARIDNIRUN, Pongchai DUMRONGROJWATTHANA, Wina MECKVICHAI, Sasithorn NISPA, Kittipas KHUNTATHONGSAKUDI

Abstract


The distribution and habitat use of the globally endangered Green Peafowl was studied in the Nam Whean Forest Protection Unit, Phayao province, Northern Thailand. Green Peafowl sightings or traces were recorded across a 3´3 km grid-system (total area of 9 sq.km. divided into 100´100 m grid-squares). Global positioning systems were used in order to analyze seasonal distribution and habitat use. Green Peafowl sightings and traces were detected in 88 grid-squares. In the dry season (March to May), the birds and their traces were detected in 48 grid-squares; mixed-deciduous forests covering 40 grid-squares (83.3 %), and community forests covering 8 grid-squares (16.7 %). In the wet season (June to November) bird sightings and traces were recorded in 40 grid-squares; mixed-deciduous forests covering 21 grid-squares (52.5 %) and community forests covering 19 grid squares (47.5 %). No birds or traces of the birds were detected in agricultural areas during either season. For the whole year, most birds were distributed within 0 - 1,000 m of the reservoir and 101 - 300 m of streams, and kept a distance of 1,001 - 2,000 m from human settlements. The Green Peafowl’s main habitat in this study was mixed-deciduous forest, due to their using of this area for routine foraging, as a breeding ground in the dry season, and as a brood rearing ground in the wet season. Management strategies were proposed and discussed based on our key findings.


Keywords


Pavo muticus, green peafowl, seasonal distribution, habitat use, Thailand

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