Phytochemical Constituents in Leaves and Callus of Ficus deltoidea Jack var. Kunstleri (King) Corner
Keywords:Callus, leaves, Ficus deltoidea, phytochemical constituents
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of phytochemical constituents was done on leaves and leaf’s callus of Ficus deltoidea Jack var. kunstleri (King) Corner. Tannins, phlobatannins, saponins, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, alkaloids, anthraquinones and polyphenols were present in the leaves and callus cultured on Murashige and Skoog (1962) media supplemented with 0.8 mg/L 2,4-D + 0.7 mg/L Kinetin (KIN). Meanwhile, cardiac glycosides only exist in the leaves but not in the callus tissue. Quantitative analysis showed that alkaloids, saponins, phenols, flavonoids and tannins exist in both samples but in lower amounts for the callus tissue. The significance of the phytochemical constituents with respect to the role of this plant in traditional medicine treatment and the future prospect for callus in the production of secondary metabolites is discussed.
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