The Design and Development of Sit to Stand Trainer for the Elderly

Authors

  • Sairag SA-ADPRAI Excellence Center in Creative Engineering Design and Development, Department of Sport Science and Sport Development, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
  • Bunyong RUNGROUNGDOUYBOON Excellence Center in Creative Engineering Design and Development, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand

Keywords:

Exercise machine, Sit to stand trainer, Biomechanics of sit to stand, Elderly

Abstract

Strengthening exercise for lower limbs is required in elderly. Repeated sit to stands could improve lower limbs strength, reduce limitations, and fall. The researchers developed a Sit to Stand Trainer, a device that assists and offers variable levels of weight support for users to stand. It was validated by comparing the kinematics and the kinetics between 2 experimental conditions; the movement that was assisted by Sit to Stand Trainer (STST) and the natural movement that was unassisted by Sit to Stand Trainer (No STST). This study is an Experimental Design using Pearson Correlation Coefficient. The time span of the observed movement was 2.5 s for all trials. The results in kinematics showed significant similarity in trunk, hip, knee, ankle angles and angular velocities including speed and distance of head between No STST to STST (P = 0.000). However, in kinetics, the maximum of vGRFs showed significant decrease in STST compared to No STST (P = 0.000). This represent that this device produces natural movement and speed. It also supports and helps to reduce the body weight that contacted to the ground in order to stand up easier. Thus, therapists could possibly consider this device for training in clinical practice. This research was studied within 6 weeks into training with Sit to Stand Trainer. This part of the study is a Quasi-Experimental Designs using Paired Samples T-tests. The results of the T-tests were compared before and after the training. The results showed a significant improvement in physical outcomes measurement tests; Berg Balance Scale (P = 0.000), 30-second Chair Stand (P = 0.001) and 4-meter Gait Speed (P = 0.000) among the elderly.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Sairag SA-ADPRAI, Excellence Center in Creative Engineering Design and Development, Department of Sport Science and Sport Development, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand

Bachelor Degree of Science (Sport Science), Chulalongkorn University, Thailand

Master Degree of Education (Human Kinesiology), Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, China

Working Experience

2013-2014      Researcher at Korea Institute of Sport Science, Korea

2014-present  Lecturer at Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Thammasat University, Thailand

International Conference

1. A Comparative Study of the Acute Effect on Flexibility of Hamstring and Lower Back Muscles between Dynamic Stretching on Land and Dynamic Stretching in Water in Female (2015). National University Conference 2015, Kasetsart University, Kampangsaen Campus (Published and served as an oral presentation) 14 January 2015

2. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Strategies for Development in Physical Activity and Sports in Thailand (2014). The forth Institute of Physical Education International Conference 2014, Bangkok, Thailand, 4-6 September 2014 (Published and served as a oral presentation)

3.  A Comparative Study upon the Origin and the development between Chinese and Thai Traditional Sports and Games (2014). The forth Institute of Physical Education International Conference 2014, Bangkok, Thailand, 4-6 September 2014 (Published and served as a poster presentation)

4. A comparative Study upon the Origin and Development of the Chinese Massage and Thai     Massage (2013). The forth Institute of Physical Education International Conference 2013, Bangkok, Thailand, 4-6 September 2014 (Published and served as a poster presentation)

5.  Effects of Iron Deficiency on Physical Work Capacity in Rats (2007). The first International of Allied Health Sciences Conference 2014, Rama Garden Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand, 11-12 November, 2014 (Published and served as a poster presentation)

6.  Rational Thinking of the Physical Health of Minority People in Thailand (2014). The first International of Allied Health Sciences Conference 201, Rama Garden Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand, 11-12 November, 2014 (Published and served as an oral presentation)

7.  Youth Development in Physical Activity and Sports for Health in Thailand (2013). The third Institute of Physical Education International Conference 2013, Bangkok, Thailand, 4-6 September 2013 (Published and served as a oral presentation)

8.  A Comparative Study of Training Effects of Complex Training with Different Interval Resting     between Wight Training and Plyometric Training on Leg Muscular Strength and Power (2011). Published at International Sports Science Academic Report of Tsinghua University- The 22nd PAN-Asian Congress of Sports and Physical Education, Beijing, China, 22-24 July, 2011 (Published and served as a poster presentation)

Sit to Stand Innovation Awards

1st Prize - Sport Innovation of Thailand 2017 by SAT, 8 Sep, 2017

2nd Prize - ITCi Award 2017 by Mtec, 15 Sep, 2017

3rd Prize - Startup Thailand League (Bangkok) 2017 by NIA, 8 July, 2017

3rd Prize (Gold Medal) - New Innovators Award 2018 by NRCT, 6 Feb, 2018

Merit Award - International Convention on Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology (i-CREATe 2017) by Coalition on Rehabilitation Engineering & Assistive Technology of Asia (CREATe Asia) at Kobe, 22-24 August 2017.

Best Presentation - International Convention on Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology (i-CREATe 2017) by Coalition on Rehabilitation Engineering & Assistive Technology of Asia (CREATe Asia) at Kobe, 22-24 August 2017.

Bunyong RUNGROUNGDOUYBOON, Excellence Center in Creative Engineering Design and Development, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand

Bachelor's Degree: Mechanical Engineering Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok graduated in 1995.

Master of Engineering: Mechanical Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Lehigh University, USA graduated in 2000.

Doctoral Degree: Mechanical Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Lehigh University, USA graduated in 2003

Expertise in innovative design, researches and development in Medical Engineering and Agricultural Engineering.

  • Petty Patent No. 4648, "Adaptive Disabled Cars, December 2008."
  • Petty Patent No. 7596, a wheelchair for sleep deprivation and sleep apnea.
  • Patent No. 11462, Patient Assistance for Patients with Paralysis, 2016

References

JD Moreland, JA Richardson, CH Goldsmith and CM Clase. Muscle weakness and falls in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J. Am. Geriat. Soc. 2004; 52, 1121-9.

P Laukkanen, E Heikkinen and M Kauppinen. Muscle strength and mobility as predictors of survival in 75-84-year-old people. Age Ageing 1995; 24, 468-73.

O Seynnes, MAF Singh, O Hue, P Pras, P Legros and PL Bernard. Physiological and functional responses to low-moderate versus high-intensity progressive resistance training in frail elders. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 2004; 59, 503-9.

NK Latham, CS Anderson, A Lee, DA Bennett, A Moseley and ID Cameron. A randomized controlled trial of quadriceps resistance exercise and vitamin d in frail older people: The frailty interventions trial in elderly subjects. J. Am. Geriat. Soc. 2003; 51, 291-9.

A Kralj, RJ Jaeger and M Munih. Analysis of standing up and sitting down in humans: Definitions and normative data presentation. J. Biomech. 1990; 23, 1123-38.

PT Cheng, CL Chen, CM Wang and WH Hong. Leg muscle activation patterns of sit-to-stand movement in stroke patients. Am. J. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 2004; 83, 10-6.

JM Burnfield, B McCrory, Y Shu, TW Buster, AP Taylor and AJ Goldman. Comparative kinematic and electromyographic assessment of clinician- and device-assisted sit-to-stand transfers in patients with stroke. Phys. Ther. 2013; 93, 1331-41.

SK Banala, SH Kim, SK Agrawal and JP Scholz. Robot assisted gait training with active leg exoskeleton (ALEX). IEEE Trans. Neural. Syst. Rehabil. Eng. 2009; 17, 2-8.

G Kwakkel, BJ Kollen and HI Krebs. Effects of robot-assisted therapy on upper limb recovery after stroke: A systematic review. Neurorehabil. Neural. Repair. 2008; 22, 111-21.

TG Hornby, DD Campbell, JH Kahn, T Demott, JL Moore and HR Roth. Enhanced gait-related improvements after therapist-versus robotic-assisted locomotor training in subjects with chronic stroke: A randomized controlled study. Stroke 2008; 39, 1786-92.

JK Veneman, R Kruidhof, EEG Hekman, R Ekkelenkamp, EHFV Asseldonk and HVD Kooij. Design and evaluation of the LOPES exoskeleton robot for interactive gait rehabilitation. IEEE Trans. Neural. Syst. Rehabil. Eng. 2007; 15, 379-86.

BE Gray. Slips, Stumbles, and Falls: Pedestrian Footwear and Surfaces. Vol. 1103. ASTM International, Pennsylvania, 1990, p. 1-162.

M Fujimoto and L Chou. Dynamic balance control during sit-to-stand movement: An examination with the center of mass acceleration. J. Biomech. 2012; 45, 543-8.

YC Pai, BJ Naughton, RW Chang and MW Rogers. Control of body centre of mass momentum during sit-to-stand among young and elderly adults. Gait Posture 1994; 2, 109-16.

R Nozawai and S Yamamoto. The relationship of lower limb and trunk movements in sit-to-stand performed by the young and elderly. J. Phys. Ther. Sci. 2012; 27, 31-5.

CA Stevermer and JC Gillette. Kinematic and kinetic indicators of sit-to-stand. J. Appl. Biomech. 2016; 32, 7-15.

Z Matjacic, M Zadravec and J Oblak. Sit-to-stand trainer: An apparatus for training “normal-like” sit to stand movement. IEEE Trans. Neural. Syst. Rehabil. Eng. 2016; 24, 639-49.

V Cavani, CM Mier, AA Musto and N Tummers. Effects of a 6-week resistance-training program on functional fitness of older adults. J. Aging Phys. Act. 2002; 10, 443-52.

CM Dean, CL Richards and F Malouin. Task-related circuit training improves performance of locomotor tasks in chronic stroke: A randomized, controlled pilot trial. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 2000; 81, 409-17.

J Rosie and D Taylor. Sit-to-stand as home exercise for mobility-limited adults over 80 years of age-GrandStand system may keep you standing? Age Ageing 2007; 36, 555-62.

E Rosendahl, N Lindelöf, H Littbrand, E Yifter-Lindgren, L Lundin-Olsson, L Haglin, Y Gustafson and L Nyberg. High-intensity functional exercise program and protein enriched energy supplement for older persons dependent in activities of daily living: A randomised controlled trial. Aust. J. Physiother. 2006; 52, 105-13.

SR Lord, SM Murray, K Chapman, B Munro and A Tiedemann. Sit to-stand performance depends on sensation, speed, balance, and psychological status in addition to strength in older people. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 2002; 57, 539-43.

Downloads

Published

2020-07-16

How to Cite

SA-ADPRAI, S. ., & RUNGROUNGDOUYBOON, B. . (2020). The Design and Development of Sit to Stand Trainer for the Elderly. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology (WJST), 17(8), 760-775. Retrieved from http://wjst.wu.ac.th/index.php/wjst/article/view/6145