Potential Utilization of Low Quality Sweet Potato for Bioethanol Production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae TISTR5339
Keywords:Low quality sweet potato, Acid hydrolysis, Ethanol, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Response surface methodology
This study was aimed to investigate the optimal condition of ethanol production that has 2 major stages: acid hydrolysis and fermentation processes. These processes came from low quality sweet potato (LQSP) which was destroyed by the sweet potato weevil. The main compositions of LQSP were starch and fiber which consist of 55.25 and 10.29 %, respectively. In this case, the starch can be hydrolyzed to reduce the sugar, followed by the fermentation of the reduced sugar to ethanol. For this experiment, the effecting factors on acid hydrolysis of LQSP and the ethanol fermentation condition were optimized by S. cerevisiae using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) with Box-Behnken design in order to maximize ethanol yield. It was found that the maximum reducing sugar concentration of 390.99 ± 5.35 g/L was obtained from the hydrolysis condition with 1 % (v/v) of sulfuric acid and 25 % (w/v) of LQSP. Accordingly, the effects of ammonium sulphate content (0.05 - 0.15 %), pH (4.5 - 5.5) and inoculum content (5 - 10 %) on ethanol production was determined by RSM using Box-Behnken experiment design with a total 17 sets of all trials. The results were found that the maximum experimental ethanol productivity of 5.98 g/L was obtained from the condition at 0.05 % of ammonium sulphate, pH 5.5 and 5.0 % of inoculum size to 90 mL LQSP based medium and incubated at 30 °C for 48 h. In addition, the scale-up of ethanol production was studied in 9 L fermenter which provided the maximum ethanol yield of 5.04 g/L. Therefore, it can be concluded that LQSP had a potential as a substrate for ethanol production.
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