The Effect of Sound and Vibration on Postural Balance in Healthy Young Adults

Sunee Bovonsunthonchai


Postural balance is influenced by alteration of somatosensory inputs. Sound and vibratory senses, the ones of several human senses may assist postural control in a specific impaired situation. Aim of the study was to quantify possibility of using sound and vibration to promote postural balance in healthy young adults. Ten volunteered healthy young subjects participated in the study. Averaged age, weight, height, and body mass index were 21.88 ± 0.42 years, 56.21 ± 9.80 kg, 159.75 ± 5.20 cm, and 21.99 ± 3.52 kg/m2. They were assessed standing postural balance on force plate over 4 conditions of sound and vibration application under blindfold. Postural balance variables consisted of planar deviation of Center of Pressure (CoP) and the maximum ranges of CoP in medio-lateral (ML) and antero-posterior (AP) directions. Results demosntrated no significant difference (p > 0.05) of sound on all postural balance variables. Tendencies in declination of all postural balance variables were found in no vibration condition. In no sound condition, there was no significant difference of the planar deviation of CoP [F (2, 18) = 0.584, p = 0.568] range of CoP in ML [F (2, 18) = 2.953, p = 0.078], and range of CoP in AP [F (2, 18) = 2.268, p = 0.132]  among no vibration, vibration on the quadriceps, and on the gastrocnemius. In conclusion, sound tended to improve postural balance in term of reduce the planar deviation of CoP and


Center of pressure, postural balance, sound, vibration


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Last updated: 13 February 2019