The Clinical Supervision Process of Nurse Preceptors in Thailand: A Meta-Ethnography Research
The purpose of this study was to synthesize five graduate theses on nurse preceptors by using the Meta-Ethnography research method. The research findings fell into three steps, as follows: Step 1- Preparing for teaching. Nurse preceptors prepared for their clinical supervision with four sub-steps, 1) preparing for readiness, 2) studying and reviewing the clinical practice and clinical supervision guidelines of the organization, 3) planning and designing a clinical supervision model, and 4) making clinical supervision plans; Step 2- Teaching. This step consisted of seven sub-steps, 1) creating familiarity with the learners, 2) clinical practice orientation, 3) clarifying the performance evaluation criteria, 4) pre-conference, 5) clinical teaching from real situations, 6) post- conference, and 7) improving clinical teaching skills; Step 3- Teaching evaluation. This step consisted of three sub-steps, as follows. 1) self-evaluation by learners, 2) reflection-evaluation by nurse preceptors, and 3) documentation of evaluation by nurse preceptors. Therefore, nursing administrators can implement the results of this research as a process for clinical supervision and develop supervision systems in the nursing organizations to be more effective.
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