A Causal Model of Caregiving Burden among Dementia Caregivers

  • Chalinee SUVANAYOS Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
  • Darawan THAPINTA Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
  • Wichit SRISUPHAN Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
  • Hunsa SETHABOUPPHA Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
  • Sirirat PANUTHAI Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
Keywords: Caregiving burden, Dementia caregivers, Causal model

Abstract

In this study, a cross-sectional, predictive correlation design was used to identify and test a causal relationship between behavior disturbances, coping, family conflict, self-esteem and social support to caregiver burden among dementia caregivers. A total of 450 caregivers of dementia aged over 18 years were recruited from 4 hospitals in northern Thailand based on selected criteria. Demographic Questionnaire, Behavioral Pathology in Alzheimer’s Disease Rating Scale (BEHAVE-AD, The Family Conflict Scale, The Zarit Burden Interview Scale, The Perceived Social Support Questionnaire, The Brief COPE and The Rosenberg Self-Esteem with acceptable reliability coefficients were used to collect data.  Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation and path analysis by structural equation modeling.

Results showed that the modified model fitted with the data and explained 58 % of the variance in caregiving burden among dementia caregivers. Coping and family conflict had a positive direct effect on caregiving burden (p < 0.001), whereas self-esteem and social support had a direct negative effect on caregiving burden (p < 0.001). Behavior disturbance had a positive indirect effect caregiving burden (p < 0.001) via family conflict. Coping had a positive indirect effect on caregiving burden (p < 0.001) via behavior disturbance and family conflict. Social support had a negative indirect effect on caregiving burden (p < 0.001) via family conflict and self-esteem. The results of this study could be used as a guideline for psychiatric nurses in planning an appropriate intervention program to reduce burden of caregivers of dementia patients in Thailand.

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Published
2018-08-26
How to Cite
SUVANAYOS, C., THAPINTA, D., SRISUPHAN, W., SETHABOUPPHA, H., & PANUTHAI, S. (2018). A Causal Model of Caregiving Burden among Dementia Caregivers. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology (WJST), 17(5), 476-488. Retrieved from http://wjst.wu.ac.th/index.php/wjst/article/view/4686