The Effect of Group Support Enhancing Self-Management Program on Lifestyle Modification Behaviors Among Indonesian Elders with Knee Osteoarthritis

Friska Sinaga, Ploenpit Thaniwattananon

Abstract


Osteoarthritis, as the common type of degenerative joint diseases, leads elderly at high risk of having osteoarthritis. It could impact on the wellbeing of elders including physical, psychological, social, and economic factors. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of group support enhancing self-management program on lifestyle modification behaviors among Indonesian elders with knee osteoarthritis. Seventy nine participants who met the inclusion criteria were recruited and assigned into experimental group and control group. A lifestyle modification behavior was measured during the first week and after six weeks of the program by using Lifestyle Modification Behaviors Questionnaire (LMBQ). The internal consistency reliability coefficient of the LMBQ was .84. An independent t-test was conducted to examine the between group effect of the program. There was a statistically significant difference of lifestyle modification behaviors between the experimental group and the control group after receiving the program (t = 18.19, p = <.05). Group support enhancing self-management program effectively improves lifestyle modification behaviors among Indonesian elders with knee osteoarthritis



Keywords


group support; self-management; elders; lifestyle modification behaviors

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