Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) Infection in Several Varieties and Age of Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum, Mill.)

Nurhayati DAMIRI, Amat NURKHOLIS, Yulia PUJIASTUTI, Supli Effendi RAHIM

Abstract


Disease caused by Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) is one of the important diseases in tomato plants, which is transmitted through both natural and artificial wounds. TMV attacking tomato plants can cause qualitatively and quantitatively lower production. The decline in production by TMV attack can reach 60%. The research was conducted at greenhouse of Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sriwijaya, Indralaya, Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra, Indonesia, started in January to June 2016. The purpose of this study was to assess the TMV attack on different varieties and ages of tomato plants. This study was conducted using a factorial in Factorial Randomized Complete Block Design (FRCBD), with the first factor, namely plant varieties and the second factor was age stage of plants, which is repeated three times. The results showed that the most susceptible tomato was “Permata” with the incubation period of the fastest, with the disease severity was moderate. Age 8 weeks when inoculation took place was the most vulnerable, with the highest disease severity.  Combination of tomato variety of Permata and the ages’ stage of 8 weeks at the time of inoculation has the highest disease incidence. 


Keywords


Tobacco Mosaic Virus, plant ages, Varieties of Tomatoes

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