Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) Infection in Several Varieties and Ages of Tomato Plants (Lycopersicum esculentum, Mill.)


  • Nurhayati DAMIRI Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  • Amat NURKHOLIS Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  • Yulia PUJIASTUTI Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  • Supli Effendi RAHIM Bina Husada College of Health Sciences, South Sumatra, Indonesia


Tobacco Mosaic Virus, plant ages


Disease caused by Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) is an important disease in tomato plants, and is transmitted through both natural and artificial wounds. TMV attacking tomato plants can cause qualitatively and quantitatively lower production. The decline in production by TMV attack can reach    60 %. This research was conducted at the greenhouse of the Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sriwijaya, Indralaya, Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra, Indonesia, from January to June 2016. The purpose of this study was to assess TMV attack on different varieties and ages of tomato plants. This study was conducted using a factorial in Factorial Randomized Complete Block Design (FRCBD), with the first factor, namely plant varieties, and the second factor, age stage of plants, repeated 3 times. The results showed that the most susceptible tomato was “Permata”, with the fastest incubation period and moderate disease severity. Age 8 weeks, when inoculation took place, was the most vulnerable time, with the highest disease severity. A combination of the tomato variety of Permata and an age stage of 8 weeks at the time of inoculation had the highest disease incidence.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


N Hanindita. Export Analysis of Tomato Fresh Indonesia. Executive Summary Business Management Graduate Program, Bogor Agriculture University, 2008.

Central Bureau of Statistics. Statistical horticultural production in 2014, Available at:, accessed November 2015.

JM Lyons and H Ferris. IPM for Tomatoes. University of California, Statewide IPM, Project Publication, 1985.

OS Bolagun, L Xu, T Teraoka and D Husokawa. Effect of single and double infection with PVX and TMV on disease development, plant growth and virus accumulation in tomato. Fitopatologia Brasileira 2002; 27, 241-8.

R Sutarya. Several important viruses on tomato plants in sub-district of Lembang (Bandung Regency). Bull. Penel. Hort. 1989, 72-9.

N Damiri. Mixed viral infection and growth stage on Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) production. Pertanika J. Trop. Sci. 2014; 37, 275-83.

H Semangun. Diseases of Crops in Indonesia. Gajah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta, 2000.

KBG Scholthof, JG Shaw and M Zaitlin. Tobacco Mosaic Virus: One Hundred Years of Contribution to Virology. American Phytophathology Society Press, 2000.

R Hadas, M Pearlsman, T Gefen, D Lachman, E Hadar, G Sharabany and Y Antignus. Indexing system for tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) in commercial tomato lots. Phytoparasitica 2004; 32, 421-4.

DJ Lewandowski and WO Dawson. Tobamoviruses in Encyclopedia of Virology. In: A Granoff and RG Webster (Eds.). 2nd eds. Vol. III, Academic Press Inc, New York, 1998, p. 1780-3.

N Damiri. Virus Pathogen of Plants. Sriwijaya University Press, Palembang, Indonesia, 2012.

LM Dolores. Management of pepper viruses. In: Proceedings of the AVNET II Final Workshop, Tainan, Taiwan, 1996, p. 334-42.

KA Gomez and AA Gomez. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd eds. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1984.

H Susetio. 2011, Yellow Mosaic Disease on Long Bean: Response of Long Bean (Vigna sinensis L.) Cultivar and Efficiency of Spreading through Aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch.). B.Sc. Thesis of Agriculture Faculty, Bogor Agriculture University, Indonesia.

DE Kusumawati, T Hadiastono and M Martosudiro. Resilience Five Plant Varieties Cayenne (Capsicum frutescens L.) against Infectious TMV (Tobacco mosaic virus) on Plants Different Age. Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia, 2013.

ML Scott, T Robert and ST Howell. Effect of host plant development and genetic determinants on the long-distance movement of cauliflower mosaic virus in Arabidopsis. The Plant Cell 1993; 5, 191-202.

ERD Purba. 2011, The Influence of Squesh Mosaic Comovirus Infection on the Mosaic Disease Development on Five Varieties of Cucumber. Ph.D. Thesis, Bogor Agriculture University.

P Vidhayasekaran. Physiology of Disease Resistance in Plant. Vol. I. CRS Press, Florida, 1988.

GN Agrios. Plant Pathology. 5th eds. San Diego Academic Press, 2005.

IK Siadi, IN Raka and IN Purwadi. Seed Production of Cayenne (Capsicum frutescens L.) Free of TMV (Tobacco mosaic virus) through Dry Heat Treatment. University of Udayana, Denpasar, Indonesia, 2012.

F Jay, Y Wang, A Yu, L Taconnat, S Pelletier, V Colot, JP Renou and O Voinnet. Misregulation of auxin response factor 8 underlies the developmental abnormalities caused by three distinct viral silencing suppressor in Arabidopsis. PLoS Pathog. 2011; 7, e1002035.

JN Curver and MS Padmanabhan. Virus-induced disease: Altering host physiology on interaction at a time. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 2007; 45, 221-43.

MS Padmanabhan, H Shiferaw and JN Culver. The tobacco mosaic virus replicase protein disrupts the localization and function of interacting Aux/IAA protein. Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 2006; 19, 864-73.

MS Padmanabhan, SR Kramer, X Wang and JN Culver. Tobacco Mosaic Virus replicase-auxin/indole acetic acid protein interaction, reprogramming the auxin response pathway to enhance virus infection. J. Virol. 2008; 82, 2477-85.

S Balachandras, RJ Hull, Y Vaadia, S Wilf and WJ Lucas. Alternation in carbon partitioning induced by the movement protein of Tobacco Mosaic Virus originates in the mesophyll and is independent of change in the plasmodesmata size exclusion limit. Plant Cell Environ. 1995; 18, 1301-10.

M Taufik, Sarawa, A Hasan and K Amelia. Analysis of Temperature’s Effect and Moisture on the Development of Tobacco Mosaic Virus on Chilli. University of Haluoleo, Kendari, Indonesia, 2013.




How to Cite

DAMIRI, N., NURKHOLIS, A., PUJIASTUTI, Y., & RAHIM, S. E. (2018). Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) Infection in Several Varieties and Ages of Tomato Plants (Lycopersicum esculentum, Mill.). Walailak Journal of Science and Technology (WJST), 17(2), 55-63. Retrieved from