A comparison of electricity generation of food waste via anaerobic processes

Ngoc Bao Dung Thi

Abstract


Three biological methods of anaerobic digestion (AD, Method I), fermentation for bio-hydrogen (Method II) and fermentation for bio-hydrogen and bio-methane (Method III) were reviewed and evaluated for the capacity of bioenergy conversion from food waste (FW) at real scale based on some case studies. AD could give the highest energy benefits, and is the most suitable method for the commercialization of FW treatment, with 220 kWh/tonne FW in comparison with 12.5 and 51.3 kWh/tonne FW of Method II and Method III, respectively. Furthermore, FW treatment-based AD has been proven to play a primary role in electricity industry with high potential and economic benefits. The FW treatment via anaerobic processes for bioenergy usage is expected to be an ideal renewable in the future. The results reveal that China, India, and the United States could commercialize bioenergy use by converting the annual amount of FW via AD to produce an annual electricity of 42,900 GWh/year, 15,830 GWh/year and 13,387 GWh/year, respectively.

Keywords


Anaerobic digestion; Anaerobic process; Bioenergy; Fermentation; Food waste

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